1 The Asian Journal of Thomas Merton (New York: New Directions, 1973), 125.

2 Freedom in Exile: The Autobiography of the Dalai Lama (New York: HarperCollins, 1990), 189.

3 Interview with the Dalai Lama by Jim Ziolkowski (1997). Available online at:

4 The Gethsemani Encounter: A Dialogue on the Spiritual Life by Buddhist and Christian Monastics, edited by Donald W. Mitchell and James Wiseman, OSB (New York: Continuum, 1999), 260-61.